Muell.-Arg.Synonym: P. acidus Skeels. Cicca acida (Linn.) Merrill.Family: Euphorbiaceae.Habitat: Indian gardens.English: Country Gooseberry.Ayurvedic: Lavali-phala, Lowani Hariphala.Siddha/Tamil: Aranelli.Action: Fruit—astringent, tonic to liver; improves appetite, useful in biliousness, constipation, vomiting, bronchitis. Roots and seed— cathartic. The juice of the root bark produces headache and severe abdominal pain.The root bark contains 18% tannin, saponin, gallic acid and a crystalline substance (probably lupeol). The bark contains beta-amyrin and phyllanthol.The fruit is sour; contains acidity (as acetic acid) 1.70%.