Pogostemon Benghalensis | Health Dictionary

Kuntze.

Synonym: P. plectranthoides Desf.

Family: Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat: Throughout greater part of India.

Folk: Ishwar-jataa. Jui-lataa (Bihar, Bengal). Phaangalaa (Maharashtra).

Action: Root—used in haemorrhage, especially in uterine haemorrhage. Leaf—styptic; used for cleaning wounds. Essential oil—antifungal. Acetone extract— insecticidal, insect repellent.

Pogostemonpubescens Benth., synonym P. parviflorus Benth. is also known as Phaangalaa in Maharashtra. Aerial part exhibits antifungal and leaf antibacterial activity.

Sesquiterpene lactone, caryophyl- len-9-beta-10-olide, has been isolated from the whole plant.

Pogostemon purpurascens Dalz. (Manipur and South-western India) also possesses properties similar to P. benghalensis. The acetone extract exhibited larvicidal activity against the larvae of malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi. It also showed activity against yellow fever mosquito.


Pogostemon Benghalensis | Health Dictionary

Keywords of this word: Pogostemon Benghalensis


COMMELINA BENGHALENSIS

Indian Medicinal Plants

Linn.

Family: Commelinaceae.

Habitat: Throughout India in moist places.

Ayurvedic: Kanchata, Karnamorata, Karnasphota.

Siddha/Tamil: Kanavazhai, Kanana- gakarai.

Folk: Kenaa (vegetable) (Maharashtra).

Action: Emollient, demulcent, laxative, diuretic, antileprotic.

The rhizomes are starchy and mucilaginous.

The plant contains n-octacosanol, n- triacontanol, n-dotriacontanol. stig- masterol, beta-sitosterol and campes- terol.... Indian Medicinal Plants

FICUS BENGHALENSIS

Indian Medicinal Plants

Linn.

Family: Moraceae.

Habitat: Sub-Himalayan tract and Peninsular India. Planted along roadsides, and in gardens.

English: Banyan tree.

Ayurvedic: Vata, Nyagrodha, Bahupaada, Dhruv.

Unani: Bargad, Darakht-e-Reesh.

Siddha/Tamil: Aalamaram.

Action: Infusion of bark—used in diabetes, dysentery, and in seminal weakness, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, nervous disorders, erysipelas, burning sensation. Milky juice and seeds—applied topically to sores, ulcers, cracked soles of the feet, rheumatic inflammations. Buds—a decoction in milk is given in haemorrhages. Aerial roots— antiemetic, topically applied to pimples. Leaves—a paste is applied externally to abscesses and wounds for promoting suppuration.

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the aerial root in lipid disorders.

Phytosterolin, isolated from the roots, given orally to fasting rabbits at a dose of 25 mg/kg, produced maximum fall in blood sugar level equivalent to 81% of the tolbutamide standard after 4 h. The root bark showed antidiabetic activity in pituitary diabetes and alloxan-induced diabetes.

The alcoholic extract of the stem bark also exhibited antidiabetic activity on alloxan-induced diabetes in albino rats, and brought down the level of serum cholesterol and blood urea. This activity is attributed to a glucoside, bengalenoside and the flavonoid glycosides, leucocyanidin and leucopelargonidin. Bengalenoside is half as potent as tolbutamide. The leucopelargonidin glycoside is practically nontoxic and may be useful in controlling diabetes with hyperlipi- demia. The leucocyanidin, when combined with a low dose of insulin, not only equalled in response the effects brought about by a double dose of insulin, but also excelled in amelioration of serum cholesterol and triglycerides.

(Additional references: Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 1975, 19(4), 218220; J Ethnopharmacol, 1989, 26(1), 155; Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 1994, 38(3), 220-222.)... Indian Medicinal Plants

HIPTAGE BENGHALENSIS

Indian Medicinal Plants

Kurz.

Synonym: H. madablota Gaertn.

Family: Malpighiaceae.

Habitat: Throughout the warmer parts of Maharashtra, Konkan, Karnataka and other parts of India.

Ayurvedic: Atimukta, Atimuktaka, Maadhavi, Vaasanti, Pundrika, Mandaka, Vimukta, Kaamu- ka.

Siddha/Tamil: Madhavi, Vasanda- gala-malligai.

Action: Kernel of seeds is prescribed for reducing abdominal girth (obesity). Leaves—used in chronic rheumatism, asthma and skin diseases. Bark—used in bronchial asthma.

The stem and its bark contain friede- lin, epi-friedelinol, octacosanol, alpha- amyrin, beta-sitosterol and its beta-D- glucoside. The root bark gave a nitrogenous glucoside, hiptagin, identical with endecaphyllin and a glucosyl xanthone, mangiferin.

Dosage: Fruit, seed, root—powder 3-5 g; paste 5-10 g. (CCRAS.)... Indian Medicinal Plants

POGOSTEMON BENGHALENSIS

Indian Medicinal Plants

Kuntze.

Synonym: P. plectranthoides Desf.

Family: Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat: Throughout greater part of India.

Folk: Ishwar-jataa. Jui-lataa (Bihar, Bengal). Phaangalaa (Maharashtra).

Action: Root—used in haemorrhage, especially in uterine haemorrhage. Leaf—styptic; used for cleaning wounds. Essential oil—antifungal. Acetone extract— insecticidal, insect repellent.

Pogostemonpubescens Benth., synonym P. parviflorus Benth. is also known as Phaangalaa in Maharashtra. Aerial part exhibits antifungal and leaf antibacterial activity.

Sesquiterpene lactone, caryophyl- len-9-beta-10-olide, has been isolated from the whole plant.

Pogostemon purpurascens Dalz. (Manipur and South-western India) also possesses properties similar to P. benghalensis. The acetone extract exhibited larvicidal activity against the larvae of malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi. It also showed activity against yellow fever mosquito.... Indian Medicinal Plants

POGOSTEMON CABLIN

Indian Medicinal Plants

Benth.

Synonym: P. patchouli var. sauvis Hook. f.

Family: Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat: Native to the Philippines; introduced in India.

English: Patchouli.

Ayurvedic: Paachi.

Folk: Paanari.

Action: Plant—insecticidal. Leaves—an infusion is given in menstrual troubles.

The oil, extracted from dried leaves, is reported to possess antibacterial activity against E. coli, Staphylococcus au- reus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacterium coli and B. typhosum. It is also found effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The oil is used in insect- repellent preparations.... Indian Medicinal Plants

POGOSTEMON PARVIFLORUS

Indian Medicinal Plants

Benth.

Synonym: P. pubescens Benth.

Family: Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat: Hills of South-western India, ascending to 1,200 m.

Folk: Phaangalaa (Maharashtra).

Action: Aerial parts—antifungal, antibacterial.

Acetone extract of the aerial parts exhibits larvicidal activity against the larva of malaria vector, Anopheles ste- phensi and Culex quinquefasciatus.... Indian Medicinal Plants

POGOSTEMON PATCHOULIS

Indian Medicinal Plants

Hook. f. non-Pelletier.

Synonym: P. heyneanus Benth.

Family: Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat: Western Ghats of Karnataka, Kerala and the Nilgiri hills up to 1,800 m.

English: Patchouli.

Ayurvedic: Paachi, Pancholi.

Siddha/Tamil: Kadir Pachai.

Folk: Paanch (Maharashtra), Sugandhi Paanadi (Gujarat).

Action: Leaf—bechic, antiasthmatic. A poultice of leaves is applied to boils and to relieve headache.

The plant gave alpha-pyrone derivatives, pogopyrones A and B; n-octaco- sanol, beta-sitosterol and its glucoside and several flavones. Pogopyrone B exhibited cytotoxic activity.... Indian Medicinal Plants