(Forsk.) Alschers & Schweinf.Synonym: P. loeflingii Benth. & Hook. f.Habitat: Throughout the warmer parts of India in fields and waste places.Folk: Ghima, Suretaa.Action: Leaves—an infusion of roasted leaves is given for cough following fever, particularly in measles.Alcoholic extract of the plant exhibits spasmolytic activity. The aerial parts contain tetrahydroxy triterpenes. Presence ofa triterpenoid saponin, and hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, beta- amyrin and its acetate, beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol is also reported.