Atom | Health Dictionary

Atom | Health Dictionary

Keywords of this word: Atom


ANATOMY

Medical Dictionary

The science which deals with the structure of the bodies of men and animals. Brief descriptions of the anatomy of each important organ are given under the headings of the various organs. It is studied by dissection of bodies bequeathed for the purpose, or of the bodies of those who die in hospitals and similar institutions, unclaimed by relatives.... Medical Dictionary

DERMATOME

Medical Dictionary

(1) Embryological tissue which has developed from the somites to become the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The cutaneous area that is derived from each dermatome is supplied by a single dorsal spinal nerve root.

(2) A surgical instrument for removing very thin slices of skin for grafting.... Medical Dictionary

DERMATOMES

Herbal Medical

As spinal chord nerves branch out into the body, some segments fan out across the skin; these are the nerves that monitor the surface and are the source of senses of touch, pain, hot, cold and distension. All this information is funneled back in and up to the brain, which learned early on to correlate WHAT information comes from WHERE. Think of the brain as the CPU, with the spinal chord nerves uploading raw binary data; the brain has to make a running program out of this. It must form a three-dimensional hologram or homunculus from the linear input, and retranslate it outwards as binary data. The surface of the forearm, as an example, has sensory input gathered from several different and very separate spinal chord nerves. The brain will origami-fold these separate data streams into FOREARM. If you were to inject novacaine into the base of the left first sacral nerve (LS1), you would find that a whole section of skin became numb. So well defined a section that you could outline in charcoal the demarcation between sensation and numbness. This section would be a long oval of of numbness around the left buttock, under to the groin, perhaps part of the thigh...and the left heel. That spinal nerve is solely responsible for carrying sensation from that zone of skin...that dermatome; your brain mixes all the dermatomes together to get a working hologram of your total skin surface. That particular nerve also brings and sends information about the uterus, abdominal wall and pelvic floor. If you are a woman suffering pelvic heaviness and suppressed menses, a hot footbath might be enough S1 (heel dermatome) stimulation to cross-talk over to the referred S1 pelvic functions...and heat up the stuck uterus. Much of acupuncture, Jinshinjitsu, and zone and reflex therapy (not to mention Rolfing) uses various aspects of this dermatome crossover phenomena (by whatever name) and zone counterirritation was widely used in American standard medicine up until...penicillin. It was still being described in clinical manuals as late as 1956, although with the mention that it was only used infrequently and a “mechanism not understood” disclaimer.... Herbal Medical

DERMATOMYOSITIS

Medical Dictionary

A rare disease, possibly caused by an autoimmune reaction, in which muscle in?ammation and weakness is associated with a characteristic heliotrope ERYTHEMA of the face and backs of the hands. In adults it may be associated with underlying malignancy. Tissue changes are similar to those in POLYMYOSITIS.... Medical Dictionary

HAEMATOMA

Medical Dictionary

Haematoma means a collection of blood forming a de?nite swelling. It is found often upon the head of newborn children after a protracted and di?cult labour (cephalhaematoma). It may occur as the result of any injury or operation.... Medical Dictionary

HEPATOMA

Medical Dictionary

A primary malignant tumour of LIVER cells. It has marked geographical variation, being most common in parts of Africa and the Far East. It is more common in men and with those who have pre-existing CIRRHOSIS.... Medical Dictionary

HEPATOMEGALY

Herbal Medical

Enlargement of the liver... Herbal Medical

HEPATOMEGALY

Medical Dictionary

An enlarged liver. Hepatosplenomegaly is both an enlarged liver and spleen. Hepatosplenopalestrinamegaly is an enlarged liver, spleen and 17th century Italian composer.... Medical Dictionary

HEPATOMEGALY

Medicinal Plants Glossary

Enlargement of the LIVER. This may be caused by congestion (e.g. in heart failure), infection

(e.g. HEPATITIS), malignancy, in?ammation, or early CIRRHOSIS.... Medicinal Plants Glossary

ION ATOM

Medical Dictionary

An atom (or a collection of atoms) that has an electrical charge. Positive atoms are cations, negative ones are anions. Calcium, hydrogen, potassium and sodium are positive ions. Negative ones include bicarbonate chloride and phosphate. All the substances are critical to the body’s physiological activities.... Medical Dictionary

KERATOMALACIA

Medical Dictionary

Softening of the cornea due to a severe vitamin A de?ciency (see EYE, DISORDERS OF).... Medical Dictionary

MORBID ANATOMY

Medical Dictionary

The study of the structural changes that diseases cause in the body, in particular those which can be seen with the naked eye at POST-MORTEM EXAMINATION.... Medical Dictionary

SPLENOHEPATOMEGALY

Medicinal Plants Glossary

Enlargement of spleen and liver... Medicinal Plants Glossary

STEATOMA

Medical Dictionary

A fatty, cystic tumour.... Medical Dictionary

TERATOMA

Dictionary of Tropical Medicine

A neoplasm possibly starting in the foetus and having different types of tissues; e.g., ovarian teratoma often have teeth, adenoma, and connective tissue proliferation.... Dictionary of Tropical Medicine

TERATOMA

Medical Dictionary

A tumour that consists of partially developed embryonic tissues. The most common sites of this tumour are the ovary (see OVARIES) and the TESTICLE.... Medical Dictionary